Geological characterization of Lanzarote

Our desire to understand our territory, and to be able to communicate through wines the places where they come from, They make us take steps towards essential areas for knowledge of the land such as Geology.. In this case, We have studied the plots with our geologist Gonzalo Santibañez, in order to show the best qualities and be decisive in the winery.

The vineyards are on a new geology, whose history begins in the Miocene with the subaerial volcanism of the Fuerteventura-Lanzarote platform. Specific, The formation of Lanzarote begins approximately 15 millions of years with the volcanic buildings of Famara and Los Ajaches, from the north and south respectively, and a smaller structure in the center called Tías.

In the geological history of Lanzarote there have been two erosive periods, where there is less volcanic activity, therefore, allowing decomposition processes (weathering) and transportation (erosion) take center stage in the formation of the relief. These episodes are where the greatest soil formation comes from., where on the one hand they have been evolving into sandy textured soils such as jable soils, which also have a component of calcareous material and on the other, almost exclusively volcanic soils with finer textures, tending towards clay and silt. Some of these soils were buried under lapilli (rofe) due to Holocene eruptive activity, for example that of Timanfaya that occurred between 1730 y 1736 DC.

Jable de TAO

Lanzarote Wines

To understand and simplify the terroir we have divided it into three units..

I-SEDIMENTARY UNIT

The Jable, as the name of the project indicates, It is a very important part for the profile of our wines, not forgetting the rofe, but yes, giving it the importance that it deserves for us. This Sedimentary unit corresponds to the unit where the parent material is predominantly of sedimentary origin., with a significant marine component, more non-exclusive. The texture of jable is characterized by a porous and permeable texture allowing deep exploration of the root system..

II-VOLCANIC UNIT

Corresponds to soils mostly of volcanic influence, These soils have a finer texture, from clay loam to silt clay loam accompanied by pyroclastic material (rofe y volcanic bombs).

This unit has two prominent groups:

1.-Soils that have not been covered naturally, known as sanded.

2.- Corresponds to soils covered by rofe naturally, This material controls the temperature, entry of air and water supply to the plant therefore plays a fundamental role.

III-MIXED UNIT

This unit is a mixture of the two units mentioned above where, For example, The upper horizon corresponds to a sedimentary material to move on to a horizon with a high presence of volcanic bombs